ULTRASONIC TESTING (UT)
Ultrasonic Testing (UT) is a family of non-destructive testing techniques based on the propagation of ultrasonic waves in the object or material tested. In most common UT applications, very short ultrasonic pulse-waves with centre frequencies ranging from 0.1-15 MHz, and occasionally up to 50 MHz, are transmitted into materials to detect internal flaws or to characterize materials.
Below are some advantages.
1. High penetrating power, which allows the detection of flaws deep in the part.
2. High sensitivity, permitting the detection of extremely small flaws.
3. Greater accuracy than other non-destructive methods in determining the depth of internal flaws and the thickness of parts with parallel surfaces.
4. Non-hazardous to operations or to nearby personnel and has no effect on equipment and materials in the vicinity.
5. Capable of portable or highly automated operation.
6. Results are immediate. Hence on the spot decisions can be made.